The world pays tribute to Mandela (slideshow)
As South Africans come to terms with the loss of former president Nelson Mandela, the rest of the world bids farewell to Madiba.
Pimples: Saving Madiba's rabbit (video)
Gwede, Mac and Blade try their best to stop the rabbit from whispering in Mandela's ear. But the elusive animal has some tricks up its sleeve.
Zapiro's best Madiba cartoons (slideshow)
From his toughest moments to his most triumphant, Madiba has been an inspiration. Here are some of our favourite Zapiro cartoons about him from 1994 to 2013.
Mandela: SA's greatest son laid to rest (slideshow)
The world watched as Nelson Mandela was finally laid to rest in his hometown of Qunu following a dignified and moving funeral ceremony on Sunday.
FW de Klerk's historic announcement that Nelson Mandela would be released stunned the world, but came as no surprise to Mandela himself.
South Africa's president of the time and his adversary had met several weeks earlier and by January 17 1990 the world's most famous political prisoner "fully expected" De Klerk to declare his release along with others like him and the unbanning of the African National Congress (ANC), according to a cable from the United States consulate in Cape Town.
A set of US embassy cables released by WikiLeaks this weekend has sent shockwaves through the world.
Based on a half-hour briefing with Essa Moosa, a United Democratic Front lawyer who met Mandela the previous week, the cable offers a glimpse of the negotiations that paved the way for the country's first multiracial election.
"Mandela release will be announced 2 February in parliament," is the heading of one section of the memo. "Mandela made it quite clear that he fully expects president FW de Klerk to make several major announcements in his 2 February speech at the opening of parliament," it stated.
"De Klerk will announce: the unbanning of the ANC, PAC [Pan Africanist Congress] and other organisations; the end of the state of emergency; the return of political exiles to South Africa; the release of a number of political prisoners, including Nelson Mandela."
The cable said De Klerk had met Mandela several weeks earlier, presented a set of proposals and asked for the ANC's response. Mandela did not discuss the proposals in detail with Moosa but did forward them to his party comrades Alfred Nzo and Thabo Mbeki.
The document went on: "Moosa understands Mandela to have worked out a game plan for 'next steps' in a negotiation with De Klerk so as to ensure that he is not released from prison in a vacuum.
"Mandela has told various visitors that he has a good opinion of De Klerk as a sincere individual even though he regards him as still the leader of the National party and not more than that."
Moosa also appealed to the US consulate to ensure that the American civil rights activist, Jesse Jackson, did not cause a headache over the international sanctions imposed on apartheid South Africa. He was concerned that the South African government was doing well at "cultivating" Jackson, and that he "might return to the US and announce that sanctions should be lifted".
First steps to freedom
There was one outstanding question: where would Mandela take his first steps to freedom? "Moosa sidestepped a question about where Mandela's home base would be upon his release," the memo said. "He only remarked that Mandela can tell the SAG [South African government] where he wants to be released and where his first public appearance would thus take place.
"Sentimentally, said Moosa, Paarl (where Mandela is now in prison) seemed to appeal to Mandela. (Comment: but politically and practically this makes little sense. Johannesburg seems by far the most suitable venue. End comment.)"
In fact Mandela was at the centre of global attention from the moment he emerged from his final prison, near Paarl, on February 11 1990. Later that day he addressed a huge crowd from city hall in Cape Town -- where, witnesses later recalled, Jackson had to be restrained from muscling his way on to the balcony to join him.
Access to Mandela
Another cable revealed that senior ANC members gave confidential information about the inner workings of the ANC to the US government before the 1994 elections with ANC stalwart Winnie Madikizela-Mandela seemingly helping US officials gain access to Madiba.
One cable, sent from the US embassy in Pretoria on May 3 1990, describes how former South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) boss and now mining businessman Zwelakhe Sisulu persuaded the top leadership of the ANC at the time that Mandela should refrain from meeting United Kingdom prime minister Margaret Thatcher.
Mandela, who headed the ANC at the time, and formally elected as its president a year later, apparently was "keen" to meet Thatcher because he wanted to talk to her about the UK viewing the ANC as a "terrorist organisation". However Sisulu, who ran Mandela's appointment diary, argued successfully that the national executive committee veto the idea.
This information was given to US intelligence agents by Gabu Tugwana, then deputy editor of the Nation newspaper, which Sisulu, son of ANC stalwart Walter Sisulu, was editing at the time. Tugwana was until 2008 a spokesperson for the city of Johannesburg.
"Gabu Tugwana (Protect), Sisulu's deputy at the 'New Nation' newspaper, told USIS [United States Intelligence Services] officer April 27 that Sisulu had been the most persuasive speaker at the ANC executive meeting which decided the issue of whether to meet Thatcher," said the cable.
The document also reveals information given to US officials by UDM leader Bantu Holomisa, who was at the time the head of the Transkei government.
"Transkei leader Bantu Holomisa became so frustrated by dealing with Sisulu for Mandela's visit [to Transkei] he told us he insisted on complete control of Mandela's schedule as the price for the Transkei government's co-operation with the visit. Sisulu relented."
'An ironic twist'
The anonymous US intelligence agent who wrote the text for the document marked "confidential" expressed the frustration the US embassy in Pretoria had at the time in arranging a meeting with Madiba.
"It took seven weeks of steady hounding to obtain an appointment for ambassador Swing [US ambassador at the time] with Mandela. In an ironic twist, the formerly undependable Winnie [Madikizela-Mandela] has now become one of the most effective channels to Mandela."
The document does not elaborate on Mandela's former wife's role.
The document quotes Sisulu where he complains to US officials that his job as Madiba's gatekeeper is taking its toll.
"'Mandela needs a government around him, not just me, to handle his schedule,' he recently lamented to us", reads the document.
A frank assessment of Sisulu, who is the brother to national assembly speaker Max Sisulu and defence minister Lindiwe Sisulu, is also part of the document.
"Sisulu is a man of many talents, and we don't doubt he has the intellectual fortitude to convince his seniors in the ANC of almost anything but the overwhelming job of keeping Mandela's appointment book is taking its toll. With the still tight competition for influence in the Mandela entourage, Sisulu's lack of administrative acumen could prove a distinct liability."
The ANC was not immediately available for comment on Sunday night.
The bombshell is just one of many revealed in the latest Wikileaks postings of 250 000 confidential US diplomatic cables.
The international non-profit website has gained notoriety for its publication of secret documents from high profile organisations and governments.
In April this year a video showing a US Apache helicopter killing Iraqi civilians during a 2007 attack made headlines when it was published on a website called Collateral Murder, thanks to WikiLeaks.
The 'Afghan War Diary' in July 2010, detailing more than 76 900 previously undisclosed documents about the war in Afghanistan, shocked the world, as did the website's subsequent release of the "'Iraq War Logs" in October.
In Sunday's cablegate, as it is being dubbed on social networks, WikiLeaks worked with international media outlets, including El País, Le Monde, Der Spiegel, the Guardian, and the New York Times, to leak the documents after an attack on its website.
The website was down for several hours on Sunday, after it experienced a massive distributed denial of service attack (DDoS) -- a malicious flooding of a website with huge amounts of traffic, preventing it from functioning properly for its intended users.
It is speculated that the attack was launched in a last-ditch attempt to prevent the website from publishing the highly sensitive documents after a to-and-fro between UK and US governments and media outlets as well as the site's director, Julian Assange. This after the site's Twitter announcement on November 22 that the next release would be "7x the size of the Iraq War Logs", sparking fears in the diplomatic community.
However despite the attack some of the documents, including the ones pertaining to Mandela, were published shortly afterward on the Guardian website.
The rest of the documents will be made available on the WikiLeaks website in batches, starting from Sunday.
A statement from the White House on Sunday said: "We condemn in the strongest terms the unauthorised disclosure of classified documents and sensitive national security information".
The cables capture daily communication between the US state department and its 270 embassies and consulates -- detailing the superpower's true relationship with the rest of the world. Some of the explosive revelations include how the Saudi King and other Arab leaders urged the US to attack Iran, and the US's spying of the United Nations' leadership as instructed by Hillary Clinton. - guardian.co.uk